Chandigarh is the Union Territory of India. Cosmopolitan city Chandigarh is the capital of two Indian states – Punjab and Haryana. Chandigarh is known as ‘City Beautiful’, The beauty of Chandigarh lies in its large and wonderful gardens be it Rose Garden, Shanti Kunj, Terraced Garden or Various other gardens designated as green belts all over the city. In the city and nearby there are various famous holy places such Chandi Mandir and the temple of Mansa Devi the goddess. Lake and other tourist places increase the popularity of the city. These green belts also account for the relatively cleaner air of the city despite the ever increasing vehicular traffic.
The industrial area of Chandigarh always keep on attracting people from neighboring Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir to distant Bihar, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh. As the city grew in size and population during last few decades, the scope of work extended to a large variety of jobs ranging from menial to professional profiles. This generates the various strata of population living in differing conditions in the same city.
There exists a broad polarisation between a posh North and an under privileged South. There exist a third block, that is the deprived half of the population which dwells in slum like colonies and a few suffocated villages. While the almost rich North part of the city wants a Horizontal development and the middle class resedents of South part need a sustainable vertical growth of buildings as well as of the basic amenities like water pressure, the stable unintrupted electricity and other facilities.
The colonies and villages however want to exist at the least, be saved from the frequent demolition drives in the name of various violations of building bye laws and at the most be privileged enough to have their children educated in a complete school (building enough to accommodate all the students in a single shift, adequate number of teachers etc.), get running water on the common public taps, have metered electric supply instead of kundi connections, better toilet and sewerage facilities, safety from drug racketeers and criminals, clean surroundings, streets and street lights etc. The persons living in such deprived area need good socio-economic conditions and good living standards but they are just living with least survival condition in the Union Territory Chandigarh.
The people from different cultures and customs stay together in city. Very small part of the population is spending luxurious life and the major part of the migrant labor is spending life in worst conditions like the people of the underprivileged and downtrodden tribes.