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Chandigarh
Chandigarh is the Union Territory of India. Cosmopolitan city Chandigarh is the capital of two Indian states - Punjab and Haryana. Chandigarh is known as 'City Beautiful', The beauty of Chandigarh lies in its large and wonderful gardens be it Rose Garden, Shanti Kunj, Terraced Garden or Various other gardens designated as green belts all over the city. In the city and nearby there are various famous holy places such Chandi Mandir and the temple of Mansa Devi the goddess. Lake and other tourist places increase the popularity of the city. These green belts also account for the relatively cleaner air of the city despite the ever increasing vehicular traffic.
The industrial area of Chandigarh always keep on attracting people from neighboring Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir to distant Bihar, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh. As the city grew in size and population during last few decades, the scope of work extended to a large variety of jobs ranging from menial to professional profiles. This generates the various strata of population living in differing conditions in the same city.
There exists a broad polarisation between a posh North and an under privileged South. There exist a third block, that is the deprived half of the population which dwells in slum like colonies and a few suffocated villages.
While the almost rich North part of the city wants a Horizontal development and the middle class resedents of South part need a sustainable vertical growth of buildings as well as of the basic amenities like water pressure, the stable unintrupted electricity and other facilities.
The colonies and villages however want to exist at the least, be saved from the frequent demolition drives in the name of various violations of building bye laws and at the most be privileged enough to have their children educated in a complete school (building enough to accomodate all the students in a single shift, adequate number of teachers etc.), get running water on the common public taps, have metered electric supply instead of kundi connections, better toilet and sewerage facilities, safety from drug racketeers and criminals, clean surroundings, streets and street lights etc. The persons living in such deprived area need good socio-economic conditions and good living standards but they are just living with least survival condition in the Union Territory Chandigarh.
The people from different cultures and customs stay together in city. Very small part of the population is spending luxurious life and the major part of the migrant labor is spending life in worst conditions like the people of the underprivileged and downtrodden tribes.





Chandigarh NGOs (Non Governmental Organisations)

NGOs in Chandigarh
Non-Governmental Organisations in Chandigarh has been working for the development, welfare, improvement of socio-economic codition of society and upliftment of the slum residents. The NGOs are the groups of social reformists that work for the underprivileged and downtrodden backward areas which actually are the responsibilities of government. The Non-Profit Organisations in Chandigarh had achieved number of targets and still working on various issues to achieve further targets. They have been working on issues related to environment, education, women empowerment, shelter, water, sanitation, health, economic status, child labor, care of the old aged and disabled and also conscious about care of the animals and birds. Various NGOs are working in Chandigarh on those issues about whom Government had not ever discussed. Chandigarh NGOs are working from last many decades for the upliftment of the society in many ways whether it is women empowerment or for socio-economic development of the other deprived section of the society.
NGOs in Chandigarh have been foccusing for the overall development of the women that includes women education, economic development, health, safety and other related issues. Programmes have been organised by various groups of the social change makers to sensitise the society towards the problems faced by women in daily life i.e. domestic violence, deaths due to dowry, female feticide and infanticide, molestation, harassment at any place in society, it might be work place, road side, street corners and other public places etc. etc.. Workshops have been organised for women counseling and build up their self-esteem and confidence to exist independently in the society.
Children of slums and the nearby villages of Chandigarh with the target to educate them, providing them health facilities and food during their study hours to increase the presence of children in school are part of the programmes of NGOs. The groups of social reformists make efforts to convince the parents to teach the girl child. Number of NGOs in Chandigarh worked on providing regular higher education through NIOS to the children of underprivileged section.
NGOs in Chandigarh have focused on the environment issues by organising programmes with for 'Save environment and control pollution'. Concentrating on the environment safety NGOs also worked on waste management with the target to make something beneficial from the waste and the project of waste management has became the source of income for many needy people. Hence, the project of waste management achieved two targets with single work i.e. improving economic status by providing them work and on the other hand productive management of the waste. NGOs worked on the reuse of plastic and its safe disposal, as plastic is one of the most harmful waste. In Chandigarh NGOs has been working for animals and birds safety, providing care to the injured animals and environment suitable for them.
NGOs in Chandigarh has been working on priority basis for protection, care and empowerment of the mentally and physically challenged children and adults, providing them food, shelter, clothes and other basic facilities for their survival. Different types of vocational trainings, special care and safe environment has been provided to them where they can interact with their peers and get up chance to build up their confidence and self-esteem. NGOs have worked and still continue working for destitute, elderly adults by providing old age homes to them. They are providing them complete medical care and also occupational therapies.
NGOs in Chandigarh worked on different issues and covered almost all the problems responsible for the pathetic conditions of a particular section in the society. There are so many other issues in society on which the NGOs are still working and the NGOs can work further for the betterment of the weaker section of society.

Future Target for NGOs in Chandigarh
For the overall development and people's socio-economic empowerment NGOs are organising awareness programmes regarding their general rights as a human being but it is not enough. There is a need to provide basic education especially to working women, so that she can speak before going to be getting exploited at work place. NGOs can work on health related problems of women, on awareness of women's legal rights and laws meant for them, programmes on female infanticide as the survey data of Chandigarh shows that the female ratio per 1000 males is only 829.
One of the most needy section of the society i.e. rage pickers, widows and young girls residing in slums are prone to exploitations. This section needs attention, safety and care. Child labor is the other societal evil, for the complete eradication of that social evil, NGOs have to work hard with full dedication. Child labor can be easily seen in hotels, malls, restaurants and even at homes of the elite class as secondary care taker of their kids, on road side at tea stalls etc.
NGOs need to work for migrant laborers residing in Chandigarh and to aware them about major health related problems such as HIV/AIDS, RTIs, STDs, communicable diseases and make them conscious to concern regarding their health problems and to teach them about the relation between health and hygiene by organising various camps and also to aware them about proper sanitation. Programmes for youth on various issues are required to aware them. Special health programme for industry workers as the workers of different industries suffer from some specific diseases related to exposure with various chemicals and metals at work place.
For the socio-economic development of slum residents, NGOs working in Chandigarh can help the groups of women to start Self Help Groups. For this the NGOs can organise workshops as teaching and training session on hand crafts, home Tiffin Services, stitching, packing of different kinds of goods, home- made eatables that can be easily manufactured and transported and other small businesses or small scale industries.
These ways the NGOs has been worked for the development of society and are being working for further development of the deprived section.



NGOs in Chandigarh <Directory>

Non Profit Organisation India

Socio-economic status of Chandigarh
Chandigarh is the Union Territory and a City where there is big variation in socio- economic status of the population. Largest portion of the population works as low paid employees or laborers and few of them spend luxurious lives. The major number of employees and workers who actual make the city beautiful are doing jobs on a non permanent and unsecured basis. The highly bureaucratic structure of administration cares a little about the social security, medical or other legal rights of the workmen. This also adds to the stress in the daily lives of a large population of the city.
The so called night life of the city also does have many shades. Rather it is clearly divided into the dazzling one and the shady, hot in summers and cold in winter one. On one hand the high society enjoys facilities like discotheques till late while on the other there do exist, however, secretly, a section of women is engaged in the lowly flesh trade. They are doomed to be the victims of all kind of violence, social hatred and disturbed lives yet having no way out of it. They have already acquired a volume by numbers, qualifying to be considered as a phenomenon of the city.
As one moves in the galleries and verandahs of the closed shops during nights one finds a large number of people reeling on the floors trying to rest their bodies so as to be able to join work the next day. Some may be found cooking food on the small stoves placed on the same floor of the market place which was abuzz with business activity in the day time. These are the home less of the city, who is genuinely city residents but not bon a fide enough, to be called so, by the privileged population of the city. They work hard to earn throughout day and even harder to sleep at night. The housing rights and an inclusive planning of the city are the issues arising out of this ground reality.
The seasonal variations put great stress on the economic status of the poor people. According to weather their methods of earning changed as in summers the cold drinks, lemon water, ice creams are in demand and in winter they earn by selling some eating products and soups. The poor section works on daily labor basis, in factories and industries, works as construction worker, domestic servants, rickshaw pullers, three-wheeler and taxi driver and as street vendors, hawkers etc. The well-educated youth works at call-centers in large number and on contract based jobs in major institutes.
Socio economic status of the women is very poor. Literacy rate as well as female to male ratio both is very low. The conditions of women and children of Chandigarh are not too good. Rag picking and begging by small children, child bearing or pregnant mothers is common sight on the traffic signals, eating joints and many such places all over the city.
The actual conditions of the educational institutes is very poor especially Government schools. Due to poor economic conditions children are not able to get admissions even in Government schools. On ground level the educational system is not well managed. Punjab university of Chandigarh and more other institutions are the points of pride for the city.
The literacy rate of women is very low among a large section of working population. All the issues related to their lives are almost ignored by government. The health status of the women is very pathetic and they are facing some specific health related problems that affects the infant mortality rate. Basic medical facilities are not available to the pregnant women. The number of malnourished and underweight children is very high in slums.
Numbers of Non-governmental organisations are working on these issues in Chandigarh.

 
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